Densities Chart

DENSITIES  
MATERIAL DENSITY LOWEST DENSITY HIGHEST LINEAR THERMAL EXPANSION
Metals Lbs / in3 Lbs / in3 (Microinch/inch)/degrees F.
Admiralty Brass 0.30798515   11.2
Aluminum 0.09797721   13.1
Aluminum - melted 0.09248586 0.09537605  
Aluminum bronze (3-10% Al) 0.27818013 0.31430742 9
Aluminum foil 0.09754368 0.09935005  
Antifriction metal 0.32984216 0.38294927  
Beryllium 0.06647421   6.7
Beryllium copper 0.29263105 0.29805014 9.3
Brass - casting 0.30346924 0.31430742  
Brass - rolled and drawn 0.30455305 0.31539124  
Bronze - lead 0.27818013 0.31430742  
Bronze - phosphorous 0.31719761 0.32225543  
Bronze (8-14% Sn) 0.26734195 0.32153288  
Cast iron 0.24566557 0.28179286 5.8
Chemical Lead 0.40968347    
Cobolt 0.31596928   6.7
Copper 0.32261670   9.8
Cupronickel 0.32297797   9
Delta metal 0.31069469    
Electrum 0.30346924 0.32153288  
Gold 0.69797924   7.9
Graphite 0.08128640    
Hastelloy 0.33399680    
Inconel 0.30697358   6.4
Incoloy 0.28999376   8
Iron 0.28359923    
Lead 0.40968347    
Light alloy based on Al 0.09248586 0.10115641  
Light alloy based on Mg 0.06358403 0.06755803  
Magnesium 0.06278923   12
Manganese Bronze 0.30198802   11.8
Mercury 0.49107825    
Molybdenum 0.36806483   3
Monel 0.30202414 0.31936524 7.8
Nickel 0.31792015    
Nickel silver 0.30346924 0.32153288  
Platinum 0.77312401   5
Plutonium 0.71589838   19.84
Red Brass 0.31596928   10.4
Silver 0.37897527   11
Solder 50/50 Pb Sn 0.32099097    
Steel 0.28359923    
Steel, tool 0.27872204    
Wrought Iron 0.27998650    
Carbon Tool Steel 0.28251541    
Steel, cold-drawn 0.28287668    
Carbon Steel 0.28323795    
Steel, C1020, HR 0.28359923    
Iron 0.28396050    
1% carbon 0.28287668    
Cold drawn 0.28287668    
Framing 0.28356310    
Soft (0.06% C) 0.28432177    
Ore (Hematite) 0.18807867    
Cast (pig) 0.26040551    
Metal 0.28396050    
Ore (Magnetite) 0.18229831    
Oxide pigment 0.01445092    
Pyrites 0.08670550    
Stainless (Type 304) 0.29010214    
Stainless (Type 347) 0.28179286    
Stainless (27CR) 0.26987086    
Stainless 18Cr-8Ni 0.29010214    
Tantalum 0.59971301   3.6
Tin 0.26300667   12.8
Titanium 0.16257281   4.8
Tungsten 0.70809488    
Uranium 0.68280578   7.4
Vanadium 0.19848333   4.4
White metal 0.25650376    
Wrought Iron 0.27998650    
Zinc 0.25776821    
Air (20 degrees C, 76 cm Hg) 0.00004353    
Ammonia (liquid) 0.02785414    
Ammonium Nitrate 0.02637292    
Amonium Sulphate      
Dry 0.04082384 0.03215329  
Wet 0.04660420 0.02348274  
Apples 0.02315759 0.07225458  
Asbestos 0.07948004    
Ashes   0.06141639  
Wet 0.02637292    
Dry 0.02059256    
Asphalt 0.03974002    
Asphalt (crushed) 0.02604778    
Bakelite (typical) 0.04335275    
Baking Powder 0.02604778    
Barium      
Barite (barium sulfate) 0.16257281    
Elemental 0.12644552    
Bauxite      
Solid 0.10877927    
Crushed 0.04627906    
Beeswax 0.03471833 0.07225458  
Bentonite 0.02142348    
Benzene 0.02662581    
Beryllium 0.06683549    
Bismuth 0.35332490   7.2
Bone 0.06141639    
Brick      
Common red 0.06943665 0.05563603  
Fire clay 0.08681388    
Silica 0.07406094    
Chrome 0.10126479    
Magnesia 0.09259424    
Butter 0.03106947    
Cadmium 0.31250106    
Calcium 0.05599730    
Cardboard 0.02489170 0.05563603  
Cellulose      
Amorph 0.04696548    
Wood 0.01806365    
Cement      
Clinker 0.04660420    
Portland 0.05440770    
Mortar 0.07810720    
Slurry 0.05209555    
Ceramic      
Alumina 0.14089643    
Aluminosilicate 0.09393095    
Boron Carbide 0.09031823    
Glass 0.09393095    
Iron Slag 0.09953068    
Graphitte 0.07814333    
Lead Glass 0.10115641    
Quartz Glass 0.07948004    
Sapphire - 3.99 0.14414789    
Tungsten Carbide 0.56719845    
Zirconia 0.20773192 0.01589601  
Zirconium Carbide 0.23699502    
Cesium - 1.873 0.06766641    
Charcoal      
Oak 0.02059256    
Pine 0.01011564    
Chalk      
Solid 0.09028210    
Lumpy 0.05209555    
Fine 0.04049869    
Charcoal 0.00751448    
Cinders      
Furnace 0.03298422    
Coal ash 0.02315759    
Clay      
Compacted 0.06307825    
Dry excavated 0.03934262    
Dry lump 0.03876458 0.05419094  
Fire 0.04920537 0.06502912  
Wet excavated 0.06596843    
Wet lump 0.05787592    
Coal      
Bituminous 0.04335275    
Anthracite 0.05057821    
Coke 0.04338888    
Lignite 0.04515911    
Cobalt 0.31792015    
Concrete      
Limestone w/Portland 0.08562168    
Gravel - 2.400 0.08670550    
Copper 0.32261670    
Cork   0.12716806  
Solid 0.00867055    
Ground 0.00578037    
Crushed Stone 0.05780366    
Deuterium 0.00059610    
Diamond 0.10874314    
Earth      
Dense 0.07232683    
Fullers, raw 0.02431367    
Loam, dry excavated 0.05202330    
Moist, excavated 0.05209555    
Packed 0.05498574    
Soft loose mud 0.06250021    
Wet, excavated 0.05787592    
Ethyl Alcohol 0.02897409 0.14812189  
Fiberglass Insulation 0.00115607    
Film emulsion 0.13782561    
Fuel oil (medium weight) 0.03215329    
Garbage (household rubbish) 0.01737723    
Garnet grit 0.14089643 0.07008694  
Gasoline 0.02604778 0.10115641  
Gelatin 0.04588166 0.26011649  
Glass      
Borosilicate 0.08056386    
Broken or cullet 0.04660420    
Crown 0.09031823    
Flint 0.13367097    
Fused silica 0.07948004    
Lead 0.23121466    
Lead crystal 0.11199460    
Plate (avg.) 0.08670550    
Window 0.09317228    
Glue      
Animal, flaked 0.02026741    
Vegetable, powdered 0.02315759    
Gold      
Pure 0.69797924    
Coin 0.64631722    
Graphite (flake) 0.02315759    
Gravel      
Loose, dry 0.05491348    
With sand , natural 0.06936440 0.05780366  
Dry, 1/4 to 2 inch 0.06076610    
Wet, 1/4 to 2 inch 0.07232683    
Gypsum      
Solid 0.10068676    
Broken 0.04660420    
Crushed 0.05787592    
Pulverized 0.04017355    
Helium 0.00000645    
Hydrogen 0.00000325    
Ice      
Crushed 0.02142348    
Solid 0.03320098    
Indium 0.26842576    
Sulphate (pickling tank), dry 0.04335275    
Sulphate (pickling tank), wet 0.04660420    
Wrought 0.27341133    
Ivory 0.06611294 0.06936440  
Leather (common) 0.03417642    
Limestone 0.09895265    
Linoleum 0.04263020    
Lithium Fluoride 0.09537605    
Lumber (Framing, douglas Fir) 0.02026741    
Manure 0.01445092    
Marble (calcium carbonate) 0.09031823 0.10476914  
Methyl Alcohol 0.02922698    
Mineral Oil 0.03302034    
Mud      
Fluid 0.06250021    
Packed 0.06885861    
Muscle - ~1      
Mylar 0.05021693    
Nylon 0.03937875 0.04118511  
Oil      
Cake 0.02835992    
Linseed 0.03403191    
Petroleum 0.03182814    
Oyster Shells (ground) 0.03067207    
Paper 0.02528910 0.04338888  
Paraffin 0.03244231    
Peat      
Dry 0.01445092    
Moist 0.02893796    
Wet 0.04049869    
Plaster 0.03067207    
Plastic      
HDPE 0.03450156    
Kevlar (149) 0.05310712    
Kevlar (29) 0.05202330    
Polyurethane 0.03612729    
Rubber 0.05440770    
Platinum 0.76951128   5
Plexiglass (Lucite) 0.04190766 0.04335275  
Plutonium 0.62680848   19.84
Polyethylene 0.03323711    
Polymethyl methacrylate (Lucite 0.04299148    
Polystyrene 0.03721111 0.03865620  
Polystyrene Insulation      
Extruded 0.00104769    
Expanded 0.00086705    
Polyurethane Insulation 0.00086705    
Porcelain 0.08309277 0.09031823  
Potassium 0.03143074   46
Pyrex glass 0.08056386    
Quartz      
Solid 0.09548443    
Lump 0.05614181    
Sand 0.04338888    
Rip-Rap 0.05787592    
Rock salt 0.07875749    
Rock      
Excavated with shovel 0.05780366 0.06430658  
Sandstone 0.08670550    
Limestone 0.10513041    
Granite 0.08851186    
Rubber      
Caoutchouc 0.03414029    
Ground scrap 0.01737723    
Manufactured 0.05498574    
Natural 0.03323711    
Butadiene copolymer 0.03305647    
Neoprene 0.04443657    
Sand      
Bank 0.05357677    
Dry 0.05787592    
Loose 0.05209555    
Torpedo 0.05787592    
Water-filled 0.06943665    
Wet 0.06943665    
Wet, packed 0.07521702    
With gravel, dry 0.05961003    
With gravel, wet 0.07297713    
Sea Water 0.03703047    
Sewage sludge 0.02604778    
Silicon dioxide 0.08381531    
Silicon 0.08742804   2.8
Slag      
Solid 0.07586731 0.14089643  
Broken 0.06365628    
Crushed, 1/4 inch 0.04281084    
Snow      
Compacted 0.01734110    
Freshly fallen 0.00578037    
Soap      
Solid 0.02893796    
Chips 0.00578037    
Flakes 0.00578037    
Powdered 0.01329484    
Sodium     39
Elemental 0.03507960    
Sodium Iodide 0.13258715    
Starch 0.05527475    
Stone      
Crushed 0.05787592    
Common, generic 0.09086013    
Sugar      
Brown 0.02604778    
Powdered 0.02893796    
Granulated 0.02893796    
Raw cane 0.03471833    
Talc 0.09754368 0.10115641  
Tar 0.04165477    
Tobacco 0.01156073    
Thorium 0.41907656   6.7
Vegetable Oil 0.03359838    
Vernucykute 0 0.02315759    
Water      
Pure (at 20 degrees C) 0.03612729    
Sea 0.03706660    
Wood      
Alder 0.01517346 0.02456656  
Apple 0.02384401 0.03034692  
Ash 0.01842492    
Balsa 0.00397400 0.00505782  
Bamboo 0.01119946 0.01445092  
Birch 0.02546974    
Cedar 0.01770237 0.02059256  
Dogwood 0.02745674    
Mahogany 0.02546974    
Oak 0.02781801    
Pressed pulp board 0.00686419    
Red Oak 0.02431367    
Southern Pine 0.02348274    
Sugar Maple 0.02489170    
Walnut 0.02142348    
White Pine 0.02420528